One author argued that use of particular language devices and rhetoric in the legislation surrounding these laws manipulates the viewer to automatically deem such sexual acts to be immoral and criminal. This should not be confused with the age of majority , age of criminal responsibility , or the marriageable age. While one might expect that the decriminalization of sodomy laws would support the mobilization of lesbian and gay rights, this is not necessarily the case, as there is debate on whether or a direct link exists between the two. While quantitative research has not proven a link between the continued criminalization of sodomy and Christianity, there are many Protestant denominations, as well as the Roman Catholic Church, that hold rancorous policies toward homosexuality. Legal status of homosexuality In some states, sex between members of the same sex, or between men, is illegal. In this view, the law is attempting to morally control society, which is not one of the purposes of the law. Sometimes these laws overlap with age of consent laws, laws preventing the exposure of children to pornography, laws making it a crime for a child to be involved in or exposed to certain sexual behaviors, and the production and ownership of child pornography sometimes including simulated images. Depending on the jurisdiction, this conduct can be charged as a felony or a misdemeanor. In January , Nigeria expanded their criminalization of homosexuality by passing legislation to enforce more severe penalties including a ban against same-sex marriage and participation in any gay organizations. Laws regarding incest Sexual activity between family members or close relatives is often considered incest, which is illegal in many jurisdictions, though what constitutes an "incestuous relationship" varies by jurisdiction, and may depend on the type of sexual activity and whether the relationship is one of consanguinity , affinity or other relationship, such as by adoption. Incestuous sexual activity, as defined by each jurisdiction, is usually unlawful irrespective of the consent of the parties and irrespective of their age. The United States did not decriminalize sodomy nationwide until ; however, many states, based on the council of judges and lawyers, did decriminalize sodomy as early as In legislation regarding sodomy, there is typically no explicit statements given in the support of gay and lesbian rights since the reforms generally the result of a large emendation to penal code.